Cthulhu plays a key role in the story as the antagonist. He is the lord of R’lyeh and an ancient being that came from the stars hundreds of millions of year ago with its people to war against eh Elder Things of Earth. He is a “thing cannot be described” but called “the green, sticky spawn of the starts”, with “flabby claws” and an “awful squid-head with writhing feelers.” He resembles as an octopus, dragon and human. Many people have feared him yet praised him too. The cult chants its horrid phrase or ritual: “In his house at R’lyeh dead Cthulhu waits dreaming.” This shows that he is so powerful and probably the one that started the civilization from the “Old ones” and the cult followers yet he still could instill fear in them. Cthulhu and the Great Old Ones represent uncontrolled power and infinite destructive potential. But the idea that Cthulhu is asleep in his city represents how destruction can be avoided if humanity does not delve into it.
Lovecraft uses the past and history to create horror and fear. The idea appeals to a primitive human fear of the unknown which is why Lovecraft uses the past to instill fear. He believes that the future cannot be predicted without a past. With history, it is something we don’t know anything about it since the idea been played around a lot. History is way to create fear in the idea that the creature may be real. Lovecraft created a world that broke the cliché of humans that overcome every single adversity, by creating colossal monstrosities, hopelessness and hardworking yet weak human race. Lovecraft added a new level of tension when it comes to horror fiction stories where people in their stories, didn’t matter their background or beliefs, they were all going to die no matter what. To think that there are theses beings that are beyond contemplation is to evoke a sense of madness and panic that can only be found in an atmosphere of the unknown.